Analyzing Leadership Dynamics in Distributed Group Communication
|Title||Analyzing Leadership Dynamics in Distributed Group Communication|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Authors||Crowston, Kevin, Wiggins Andrea, and Howison James|
|Secondary Title||2010 43rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2010)|
|Pagination||1 - 10|
|Place Published||Honolulu, Hawaii, USA|
|Keywords||core, DYNAMICS, email, email archives, fire, flossmole, gaim, leadership, mailing list, project success, social network analysis, srda|
We apply social network analysis (SNA) to examine the dynamics of leadership in distributed groups, specifically Free/Libre Open Source Software development projects, and its relation to group performance. Based on prior work on leadership in distributed groups, we identify leaders with those who make the highest level of contribution to the group and assess the degree of leadership by measuring centralization of communications. We compare the dynamics of leadership in two FLOSS projects, one more and one less effective. We find that in both projects, centralization was higher in developer-oriented communications venues than in user-oriented venues, suggesting higher degrees of leadership in developer venues. However, we do not find a consistent relation between centralization and effectiveness. We suggest that SNA can instead be useful for identifying interesting periods in the history of the project, e.g., periods where the leadership of the project is in transition.
"Our analysis examines the communication patterns in two FLOSS development projects, Fire and Gaim"